Leading Questions

What are the effects of the European Union Programme Erasmus+: Youth in Action on young people, youth workers and youth leaders involved in the projects funded by this programme?
What and how do they learn through their participation in these projects?
Which competences do they develop and how?


Which specific contexts, settings, conditions, educational approaches, methodologies and methods are successful in fostering the development of key competences for lifelong learning in Youth in Action projects funded through the Youth in Action Programme (2007-2013) and now through Erasmus+: Youth in Action Programme?

What are the effects on youth groups, organisations, institutions, structures and communities involved in the programme?
And how does the programme contribute to the achievement of the objectives and priorities of the Erasmus+: Youth in Action Programme, in particular to the promotion of active/democratic citizenship and participation in civil society, tolerance, solidarity and understanding between young people in different countries, the inclusion of young people with fewer opportunities and the development of quality and networking in youth work?

These and other questions are addressed and studied through ‘Research-based Analysis and Monitoring of Erasmus+: Youth in Action’ (RAY), implemented by a network of Erasmus+: Youth in Action National Agencies and their research partners currently in 33 European countries (‘RAY Network’).

Inclusion and Participation

Besides the specific themes of each research activity the following horizontal themes are taken into consideration: 

  • young people with fewer opportunities or special needs, in particular with respect to the effects of their participation, the effectiveness of methods used and their inclusion in the projects and beyond;
  • the effects of participation in funded projects on educational and professional pathways.